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PacketHeader.h

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//*****************************************************************
/*
  JackTrip: A System for High-Quality Audio Network Performance
  over the Internet

  Copyright (c) 2008 Juan-Pablo Caceres, Chris Chafe.
  SoundWIRE group at CCRMA, Stanford University.
  
  Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person
  obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation
  files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
  restriction, including without limitation the rights to use,
  copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
  copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
  Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following
  conditions:
  
  The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
  included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
  
  THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
  EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES
  OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
  NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT
  HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
  WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
  FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
  OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
//*****************************************************************

/**
 * \file PacketHeader.h
 * \author Juan-Pablo Caceres
 * \date July 2008
 */

#ifndef __PACKETHEADER_H__
#define __PACKETHEADER_H__

#include <iostream>
#include <tr1/memory> // for shared_ptr
#include <cstring>

#include "jacktrip_types.h"
#include "jacktrip_globals.h"
class JackTrip; // Forward Declaration


/// \brief Abstract Header Struct, Header Stucts should subclass it
00051 struct HeaderStruct{};

/// \brief Default Header Struct
00054 struct DefaultHeaderStruct : public HeaderStruct
{
public:
  // watch out for alignment...
00058   uint64_t TimeStamp; ///< Time Stamp
00059   uint16_t SeqNumber; ///< Sequence Number
00060   uint16_t BufferSize; ///< Buffer Size in Samples
00061   uint8_t  SamplingRate; ///< Sampling Rate in JackAudioInterface::samplingRateT
00062   uint8_t BitResolution; ///< Audio Bit Resolution
00063   uint8_t  NumInChannels; ///< Number of Input Channels
00064   uint8_t  NumOutChannels; ///<  Number of Output Channels
  //uint8_t  Dummy; ///< Dummy value to byte padding alignment 
};

//---------------------------------------------------------
//JamLink UDP Header:
/************************************************************************/
/* values for the UDP stream type                                       */
/* streamType is a 16-bit value at the head of each UDP stream          */
/* Its bit map is as follows:  (b15-msb)                                */
/* B15:reserved, B14:extended header, B13 Stereo, B12 not 16-bit        */
/* B11-B9: 0-48 Khz, 1-44 Khz, 2-32 Khz, 3-24 Khz,                      */
/*         4-22 Khz, 5-16 Khz, 6-11 Khz, 7-8 Khz                        */      
/* B8-0: Samples in packet                                              */
/************************************************************************/
const unsigned short ETX_RSVD = (0<<15);
const unsigned short ETX_XTND = (1<<14);
const unsigned short ETX_STEREO = (1<<13);
const unsigned short ETX_MONO = (0<<13);
const unsigned short ETX_16BIT = (0<<12);
//inline unsigned short ETX_RATE_MASK(const unsigned short a) { a&(0x7<<9); }
const unsigned short ETX_48KHZ = (0<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_44KHZ = (1<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_32KHZ = (2<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_24KHZ = (3<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_22KHZ = (4<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_16KHZ = (5<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_11KHZ = (6<<9);
const unsigned short ETX_8KHZ  = (7<<9);
// able to express up to 512 SPP
//inline unsigned short  ETX_SPP(const unsigned short a) { (a&0x01FF); }

/// \brief JamLink Header Struct
00097 struct JamLinkHeaderStuct : public HeaderStruct
{
  // watch out for alignment -- need to be on 4 byte chunks
00100   uint16_t Common; ///< Common part of the header, 16 bit
00101   uint16_t SeqNumber; ///< Sequence Number
00102   uint32_t TimeStamp; ///< Time Stamp
};


//#######################################################################
//####################### PacketHeader ##################################
//#######################################################################
/** \brief Base class for header type. Subclass this struct to
 * create a new header.
 */
00112 class PacketHeader
{
public:
  /// \brief The class Constructor
  PacketHeader(JackTrip* jacktrip);
  /// \brief The class Destructor
00118   virtual ~PacketHeader() {};
  
  /** \brief Return a time stamp in microseconds
   * \return Time stamp: microseconds since midnight (0 hour), January 1, 1970
   */
  static uint64_t usecTime();

  /// \todo Implement this using a JackTrip Method (Mediator) member instead of the 
  /// reference to JackAudio
  virtual void fillHeaderCommonFromAudio() = 0;

  /* \brief Parse the packet header and take appropriate measures (like change settings, or 
   * quit the program if peer settings don't match)
   */
  virtual void parseHeader() = 0;

  virtual void checkPeerSettings(int8_t* full_packet) = 0;
  virtual uint16_t getPeerSequenceNumber(int8_t* full_packet) const = 0;

  /* \brief Increase sequence number for counter, a 16bit number
   */
  virtual void increaseSequenceNumber()
  {
    mSeqNumber++;
  };

  /* \brief Returns the current sequence number
   * \return 16bit Sequence number
   */
  virtual uint16_t getSequenceNumber() const
  {
    return mSeqNumber;
  }

  /* \brief Get the header size in bytes
   */
  virtual int getHeaderSizeInBytes() const = 0;


  virtual void putHeaderInPacketBaseClass(int8_t* full_packet,
                               const HeaderStruct& header_struct)
  {
    std::memcpy(full_packet, reinterpret_cast<const void*>(&header_struct),
            getHeaderSizeInBytes() );
  };

  /* \brief Put the header in buffer pointed by full_packet
   * \param full_packet Pointer to full packet (audio+header). Size must be
   * sizeof(header part) + sizeof(audio part)
   */
  virtual void putHeaderInPacket(int8_t* full_packet) = 0;

private:
  uint16_t mSeqNumber;
00172   JackTrip* mJackTrip; ///< JackTrip mediator class
};




//#######################################################################
//####################### DefaultHeader #################################
//#######################################################################
/** \brief Default Header
 */
00183 class DefaultHeader : public PacketHeader
{
public:
  /*
  //----------STRUCT-----------------------------------------
  /// \brief Default Header Struct
  struct DefaultHeaderStruct
  {
    // watch out for alignment...
    uint64_t TimeStamp; ///< Time Stamp
    uint16_t SeqNumber; ///< Sequence Number
    uint16_t BufferSize; ///< Buffer Size in Samples
    uint8_t  SamplingRate; ///< Sampling Rate in JackAudioInterface::samplingRateT
    uint8_t  NumInChannels; ///< Number of Input Channels
    uint8_t  NumOutChannels; ///<  Number of Output Channels
    // uint8_t BitResolution; ///< \todo implement this part
  };
  //---------------------------------------------------------
  */
  DefaultHeader(JackTrip* jacktrip);
  virtual ~DefaultHeader() {};
  virtual void fillHeaderCommonFromAudio();
  virtual void parseHeader() {};
  virtual void checkPeerSettings(int8_t* full_packet);
  virtual void increaseSequenceNumber()
  {
    mHeader.SeqNumber++;
    //std::cout << "Sequence Number = " << static_cast<int>(mHeader.SeqNumber) << std::endl;
  };
  virtual uint16_t getSequenceNumber() const
  {
    return mHeader.SeqNumber;
  }
  virtual uint16_t getPeerSequenceNumber(int8_t* full_packet) const;
  virtual int getHeaderSizeInBytes() const { return sizeof(mHeader); };
  virtual void putHeaderInPacket(int8_t* full_packet)
  {
    putHeaderInPacketBaseClass(full_packet, mHeader);
    //std::memcpy(full_packet, reinterpret_cast<const void*>(&mHeader),
    //      getHeaderSizeInBytes() );
  };
  void printHeader() const;

private:
  //DefaultHeaderStruct mHeader; ///< Header Struct
00228   DefaultHeaderStruct mHeader;///< Default Header Struct
00229   JackTrip* mJackTrip; ///< JackTrip mediator class
};




//#######################################################################
//####################### JamLinkHeader #################################
//#######################################################################

/** \brief JamLink Header
 */
00241 class JamLinkHeader : public PacketHeader
{
public:
  
  JamLinkHeader(JackTrip* jacktrip);
  virtual ~JamLinkHeader() {};

  virtual void fillHeaderCommonFromAudio();
  virtual void parseHeader() {};
  virtual void checkPeerSettings(int8_t* /*full_packet*/) {}
  virtual uint16_t getPeerSequenceNumber(int8_t* /*full_packet*/) const { /*\todo IMPLEMENT*/ return 0; }
  virtual void increaseSequenceNumber() {};
  virtual int getHeaderSizeInBytes() const { return sizeof(mHeader); };
  virtual void putHeaderInPacket(int8_t* full_packet)
  {
    putHeaderInPacketBaseClass(full_packet, mHeader);
00257   };

private:
  JamLinkHeaderStuct mHeader; ///< JamLink Header Struct
00261   JackTrip* mJackTrip; ///< JackTrip mediator class
};



//#######################################################################
//####################### EmptyHeader #################################
//#######################################################################

/** \brief Empty Header to use with systems that don't include a header.
 */
00272 class EmptyHeader : public PacketHeader
{
public:
  
  EmptyHeader(JackTrip* jacktrip);
  virtual ~EmptyHeader() {};

00279   virtual void fillHeaderCommonFromAudio() {};
  virtual void parseHeader() {};
  virtual void checkPeerSettings(int8_t* /*full_packet*/) {}
  virtual uint16_t getPeerSequenceNumber(int8_t* /*full_packet*/) const { return 0; /*\todo IMPLEMENT*/}
  virtual void increaseSequenceNumber() {};
  virtual int getHeaderSizeInBytes() const { return 0; };
00285   virtual void putHeaderInPacket(int8_t* /*full_packet*/) {};

private:
  JackTrip* mJackTrip; ///< JackTrip mediator class
};


#endif //__PACKETHEADER_H__

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